Today I want to talk about risk reward ratio in forex trading. You may have heard about risk reward ratio already, but what is risk reward ratio?

Hi friends! Today I want to talk about **risk reward ratio** in forex trading. You may have heard about risk reward ratio already, but what is risk reward ratio? Risk reward ratio is a ratio used by many investors/traders to compare the expected returns of an investment to the amount of risk undertaken to capture these returns. This ratio is calculated mathematically by dividing the amount traders stand to lose if the price moves in the unexpected direction (i.e. the risk) by the amount of profit the trader expects to have made when the position is closed (i.e. the reward).

So let me explain more about risk reward ratio. Let’s say you want to enter a trade on EUR/USD. You use a 0.1 lot with 30 pips stop loss and 60 pips profit target. The ratio of your risk (from stop loss) and reward (from profit target) is 1:2 (30:60) which you trade with double the amount that you risk. The risk reward ratio will be different between traders. Based on trading strategies and the market’s situations, risk reward ratio of every trade will not always be the same.

As a forex trader myself, I am still struggling to follow a good risk reward ratio. I usually trade with 1:1 risk reward ratio which is the standard risk reward ratio in trading. In my opinion, 1:1 risk reward ratio is not that good if you don’t have a really good trading strategy. Why? Let me give you some examples:

## First Example

You have a trading strategy that has a 60% winning rate. You are using a 1:1 risk reward ratio in every trade you make. Let's say in a month you trade 20 trades with 20pips of stop loss and profit target. How many pips will you get at the end of the month?

60% winning rate from 20 trades = 12 winning trades (8 losing trades)

(12 winning trades x 20 pips ) - (8 lose trades x 20 pips) = 240 pips - 160 pips = 80 pips

So at the end of the month, you will get 80 pips of profit. It’s pretty good. But that's IF you have a 60% winning rate strategy. So what if you have only a less than 50% winning rate? The answer is to increase your reward ratio.

## Second Example

Let’s say you only have a 40% winning rate. You are using a 1:3 risk reward ratio, with 20 pips stop loss and 60 pips profit target. How many pips will you get at the end of the month?

40% winning rate from 20 trades = 8 winning trades (12 losing trades)

(8 winning trades x 60 pips) - (12 lose trades x 20 pips) = 480 pips - 240 pips = 240 pips

Even though you are using a 40% winning rate strategy, you can still make money! In my opinion, people are wrong in talking about how high your winning rate percentage is. The calculation above proves that even a 40% winning rate can still make money.

So that's up to you now. I have to admit that I am not always using a bigger reward ratio, and sometimes struggle to use a 1:3 risk reward ratio (or even bigger) but I want to show you that winning rate is not everything. A good winning rate with a good risk reward ratio plus proper money management will make you successful in Forex trading.

I hope this article will help you. Let’s become better forex traders!

See you!

1 CommentBillie

Nov 22 2022

So this means that big win rate does not guarantee you to make more profit than lower win rate. What allows you to make more profit is the risk-reward ratio. Ok, I understand this principle and it is fundamental to everyone. After reading this article for the first time, there seems little doubt that a lower win rate can make you more money. So I decided to do a math example using the second example in the article with a ratio of win rate 20 %, risk reward ratio 1:3 with 20 trading which is same stop loss 20 pips and it means 60 pips for taking profit targets and this is the result

so, I lost $80. It means with ratio 1:3, stop loss 20 pips and take profit target 60 pips with 20% win rate, you still dont grofit. Even I increase the trading volume become 30 times it loss even more : $120. If lower the volume trade become 10 times it still loss $40. So I decided to count again with 30% win rate with same condition and here is the result :

So to conclude about the risk reward ratio 1:3 is that you need at least 40% win rate to make a profit and if lower than 40% win rate even with 20 or 10 trades you still lose money. How about 1:2? Without counting everyone also know that your reward ratio reduced from 3 to 2 and it means you lower your profit target and your profit will be lower. It means it makes your losses possibly worse. If I increase the ratio 1:4? maybe it sounds profitable with win rate 20% and 30%? I have counted and here is the result (20 times trade, 20 pips stop loss, 80 pips profit target) :

Although only need 30% win rate to gain $200 profit, this risk/reward ratio seems very risky and I think it would be not safe to use this rate because reward almost too high target and need good strategy to profit. Even author has said that he struggle with 1:3 ratio! The conclusion is I agree with the author, "A good winning rate with a good risk reward ratio plus proper money management will make you successful in Forex trading" but if I can add, at least your win rate is 40%.